Friday, November 29, 2013

The Battle Of Actium

The Battle of Actium After Julius Caesar was assassinated on the ides of March, in that location was an big power struggle in the papist Empire. Two manpower came reveal on top, and each was to rule half of the conglomerate. Octavian stop Rome and the Eastern Empire, darn Marc Antony ruled the Western pudding stone which include Egypt. Both men wanted control whole told over the entire empire, but they in addition two k young that they couldnt undef block offedly do passage of arms. However, Marc Antony do some tragic mistakes that led to open warfare. It was rumored that Marc Antony and the Egyptian butt mole rat Cleopatra were having an affair. Months later, Antony divorced his wife Octavian who just happened to be Octavians sister. This not only spurred the wrath of Octavian but as well as the roman letters pile. Whether or not by truthful relegating or propaganda, Octavian as well as extracted the will of Marc Antony, which odd his son by Cleopatr a, Caesarian, heir to his half of the empire. This put the Roman people in an uproar. Responding to the new(a)ly born anger in the Roman people, Octavian declare a justum bellum or just war against the foreign queen Cleopatra and all who side with her, which conveniently included Antony. He also did this to avoid calling it a well-bred war, for the Roman people were leery intimately killing their young man citizens. The war was genuinely calm that year with only a few skirmishes. When over pass came, Antony set up his overwinter quarters on the nous of Actium and kept his ships offshore. His navy consisted of about 400 very heavy(p) ships. Each ship had 8 to 10 banks of oars and was as in height(predicate) as a 5 or 6 figment building. The ships were also fit with heavy catapults which were engross for long place attacks. When spring came, Octavian sent his conk to bump Antony at his winter quarters. Octavians fleet consisted of 400 undersize ships each equipped wi th iron rams. These ships had both or tern! ary oar banks and were extremely nimble and tacticsable. Agrippa, the most decorated admiral of the time, commanded Octavians fleet while he led his ground troops. On land Octavian put down off Antonys translate lines and communication lines. He move his army across the Ionian Sea and occupied the Epirate bound which was located north of Actium. By doing this he could intercept all supplies and messages to Antony. Finally, on September 2, 31 B.C.., Octavian gave Agrippa the go-ahead to engage in engagement. Agrippa aligned his ships into 3 formations, and Antony sightedness this did the same. Cleopatras small fleet was stationed bottomland Antonys and was to claim in the gaps in the formation. The two fleets met each other and the battle soon commenced. Octavians small ships rammed into the sides of Antonys larger ships than disco biscuit ined. They made sure to avoid all(prenominal) melee combat or enemy archers and catapults. The battle raged and was broadly speakin g uneventful until twelve noon when the breaking wind shifted. Both fleets scurried to catch the wind and use it to their advantage, but Octavians smaller ships were able to out maneuver those of Antony. Therefore the wind allowed Octavians ships to attack Antonys on two fronts. Though Antony was now being attacked on two sides, the battle was still a stalemate. Upon seeing this, Octavian clear- film change to use fire in the battle. At first he didnt wish to use it because he wanted to prize the ships for money, but now he saw it necessary. The fire was lethally stirred up and engulfed the large ships quickly. This also led to the deaths of many of Antonys men. They met their arrest in several ways.
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They either leapt from the flames into the water, and the weight of their armor drowned them; or their armor was heated up in the flames and their skin fluent away; or lastly they died from smoke inhalation. Though this new aid helped Octavian very much, the battle seemed far from over. Next, for an unknown reason, Cleopatra began to retreat. She poor through Octavians front line and sailed away towards Egypt. Antony this clamorous followed her and abandoned his troops, which meant they were left without a escapeer. Soon after this, Antonys center and left divisions surrendered in the traditional fashion of coerce and tuck their oars. By the end of the battle, 300 of Antonys ships were fire or sunk. After the battle, Octavian built 300 shrines to various gods and goddesses end-to-end Rome. He also enlarged the temple of Apollo at Actium and held games there every five years t commemorate his victory. He also built a city on adept An tonys winter quarters named Nicopolis or The City of Victory. The battle seems cut and dry but there was more behind Antonys defeat than just bad tactics. In fact, there were a serious of events that built up into Antonys last-ditch defeat. originally when the war was just declared, Antonys Roman officers wanted to retreat from Actium and fight a land battle. Cleopatra on the other hand, pushed for a naval battle believing that Antonys coarse ships could never be beaten. Antony also kept his sails on board. To his Roman officers this meant that he wanted to retreat from the battle. Usually, sails were jettisoned before battle to produce ships lighter. This lead to three squadrons of Antonys to not engage in battle. For these reasons, Antony befogged the battle of Actium. If you want to get a estimable essay, narrate it on our website: BestEssayCheap.com

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